The Homeland Security Department objected at first to a United Arab
Emirates company’s taking over significant operations at six U.S. ports. It was
the lone protest among members of the government committee that eventually
approved the deal without dissent.
The department’s early objections were settled later in the government’s review
of the $6.8 billion deal after Dubai-owned DP World agreed to a series of
Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist and other congressional leaders, the company
and Bush administration officials were working on a compromise intended to derail
plans by Republicans and Democrats for legislation next week that would force a
new investigation of security issues relating to the deal….
“My comfort level is good, but I have 99 other United States senators who need
the opportunity to ask their questions,” Fristtold the Lexington Herald-Leader
before speaking at a Republican dinner Saturday evening in Lexington, Ky.
“We’re behind the president 100 percent,” he added. “We believe the decision in
all likelihood is absolutely the right one.”
Under one proposal being discussed, DP World would seek new approval of the deal
from the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States, given the
company’s surprise decision Thursday to indefinitely postpone its takeover of U.S.
port operations. Other proposals included a new, intensive 45-day review of the
deal by the government — something the White House had refused to consider as
recently as Friday.
Rep. Peter King, chairman of the House Homeland Security Committee, said
discussions among congressional leaders centered on that issue. “It’s my
understanding that they are trying to build support for a deal involving a new 45-day investigation,” he said.
Frist, R-Tenn., said that while legislation may not be necessary now, having “30 to
45 days” to step back and evaluate the deal still could be necessary.
“If there’s some question about the diagnosis, then maybe we need to get a second
opinion,” said Frist, a former heart surgeon.
King, R-N.Y., said he would need to see all the details of a compromise before
deciding if it met all of his concerns, or met the demands of the legislation he
planned to offer.
Despite persistent criticism from Republicans and Democrats, the president has
defended his administration’s approval of the ports deal and threatened to veto
any measures in Congress that would block it. The company’s voluntary delay in
taking over most operations at the six U.S. ports did little to quell a political furor
or appease skeptical members of Congress that the deal does not pose any
increased risks to the U.S. from terrorism. Republican House and Senate leaders
are to meet Tuesday to discuss how to proceed….
A DP World executive said the company would agree to tougher security
restrictions to win congressional support only if the same restrictions applied to all
U.S. port operators. The company earlier had struck a more conciliatory stance,
saying it would do whatever Bush asked to salvage the agreement.
“Security is everybody’s business,” senior vice president Michael Moore told The
Associated Press. “We’re going to have a very open mind to legitimate concerns.
But anything we can do, any way to improve security, should apply to everybody
The administration approved the ports deal on Jan. 17 after DP World agreed
during secret negotiations to cooperate with law enforcement investigations in the
future and make other concessions.
Some lawmakers have challenged the adequacy of a classified intelligence
assessment crucial to assuring the administration that the deal was proper. The
report was assembled during four weeks in November by analysts working for the
director of national intelligence.
The report concluded that U.S. spy agencies were “unable to locate any
derogatory information on the company,” according to a person familiar with the
document. This person spoke only on condition of anonymity because the report
Sen. Carl Levin, D-Mich., and others have complained that the intelligence report
focused only on information the agencies collected about DP World and did not
examine reported links between UAE government officials and al-Qaida leader
Osama bin Laden before the Sept. 11 attacks.
The uproar over DP World has exposed how the government routinely approves
deals involving national security without the input of senior administration
officials or Congress.
President Bush,Homeland Security SecretaryMichael Chertoff, Defense
Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld and even Treasury Secretary John Snow, who
oversees the government committee that approved the deal, all say they did not
know about the purchase until after it was finalized. The work was done mostly
by assistant secretaries.
Snow now says he may consider changes in the approval process so lawmakers are
better alerted after such deals get the go-ahead.
Stewart Baker, a senior Homeland Security official, said he was the sole
representative on the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States who
objected to the ports deal. Baker said he later changed his vote after DP World
agreed to the security conditions. Other officials confirmed Baker’s account.
“We were not prepared to sign off on the deal without the successful negotiation
of the assurances,” Baker told the AP.
Officials from the White House, CIA, departments of State, Treasury,
Justices, and others looked for guidance from Homeland Security because it is
responsible for seaports. “We had the most obvious stake in the process,” Baker
Bakeracknowledged that a government audit of security practices at the U.S.
ports in the takeover has not been completedas part of the deal. “We had the
authority to do an audit earlier,” Baker said.
The audit will help evaluate DP World’s security programs to stop smuggling and
detect illegal shipments of nuclear materials at its seaport operations in New
York, New Jersey, Baltimore, New Orleans, Miami and Philadelphia.
The administration privately disclosed the status of the security audit to senators
during meetings about improving reviews of future business deals involving foreign
buyers. Officials did not suggest the audit’s earlier completion would have
affected the deal’s approval.
New Jersey’s Democratic governor, who is suing to block the deal, said in his
party’s weekly radio address on Saturday that the administration failed to
properly investigate the UAE’s record on terrorism.
“We were told that the president didn’t know about the sale until after it was
approved. For many Americans, regardless of party, this lack of disciplined
review is unacceptable,”Jon Corzine said.…
Bush’s national security adviser, Stephen Hadley, said there was no going back on
$ $ $
February 20, 2006
P&O confident of Dubai takeover
P&O has said it is confident its takeover by
Dubai Ports World will go ahead despite
mounting opposition in the US.
Several US senators have warned they will oppose the $6.8bn (£3.9bn) deal over
“national security concerns”.
P&O controls six major ports in the US, including New York and Miami.
Meanwhile, a company based in the port of Miami has begun court action to prevent
the takeover by DP World, which is backed by the Dubai government.
President Bush’s administration has given its backing to the deal, which was
agreed by the two firms last week, and has resisted calls from Congress to
reconsider its stance.
But lawmakers from both the Democratic and Republican parties have questioned
the takeover, and at least one Senate oversight hearing is planned for later this
Over the weekend, opponents of the deal voiced their concerns about whether
security would be compromised by allowing a firm backed by a member of the
United Arab Emirates (UAE) to takeover major US port operations.
The chairman of the House of Representatives Homeland Security Committee,
Republican Senator Lindsey Graham, has called for an immediate freeze on the
deal and demanded a “full and thorough investigation” of the sale.
He also dubbed the government’s support of the deal “politically tone deaf”.
Senator Chuck Schumer said: “The question that needs to be answered is whether
or not they (Dubai) can be trusted to operate our ports in this post 9-11 world.”
Assurances in place
But the US Government dismissed the concerns, saying it had given the deal a
thorough review and had implemented the “appropriate” conditions and safeguards
“We make sure there are assurances in place, in general, sufficient to satisfy us
that the deal is appropriate from a national security standpoint,” Homeland
Security Secretary Michael Chertoff told ABC television.
However, he declined to give further details saying the information was
DP World also shrugged off the claims saying security was “at the forefront” of
Meanwhile P&O has insisted it has cleared all the correct regulatory channels
after a partner in Miami filed a lawsuit to block the deal.
Eller & Company subsidiary Continental Stevedoring & Terminals launched the
action late on Friday, saying that the sale was prohibited under its current
agreement with P&O.
It argued that under the terms of sale it became an “involuntary partner” with
Dubai and it may seek damages of $10m.
The takeover of P&O will make DP World one of the three largest container ports
businesses in the world when it is finalised on 2 March.
DP WORLD EXECUTIVE NOMINATED FOR
PRESITIGOUS US GOVT POSITION
Dubai – Global ports operator DP World today welcomed news that one of its
senior executives, Dave Sanborn, has been nominated by US President George W.
Bush to serve as Maritime Administrator – a key transportation appointment
reporting directly to Norman Mineta the Secretary of Transportation and
The White House has issued a statement from Washington DC announcing the
nomination. The confirmation process will begin in February.
Mr Sanborn currently holds the position of Director of Operations for Europe and
Latin America for the Dubai-based company
Mohammed Sharaf, CEO, DP World said:
“While we are sorry to lose such an experienced and capable executive, it is
exactly those qualities that will make Dave an effective administrator for MarAd.
We are proud of Dave’s selection and pleased that the Bush Administration found
such a capable executive. We wish him all the best in his new role.”
Ted Bilkey, Chief Operating Officer, DP World said:
“Dave’s decades of experience in markets around the world, together with his
passion for the industry and commitment to its development, will allow him to make
a positive contribution to the work of the Maritime Administration. We wish him
well for the future.”
Mr Sanborn, a graduate of The United States Merchant Maritime Academy,
joined DP World in 2005. He previously held senior roles with shipping lines CMA-CGM (Americas), APL Ltd and Sea-Land and has been based, besides the US, in
Brazil, Europe, Hong Kong and Dubai during his career. He has also served in the
US Naval Reserve.
Mr Sanborn is due to take up his new role based in Washington DC later in 2006.
Michael Chertoff, a rabbi’s son from northern New Jersey, is widely respected
for his razor-sharp mind and fearsome courtroom demeanor. While at Harvard Law
School, he was a classmate of Scott Turow, whose semi-fictional memoir about law
school, One L, was based in part on his memories of Chertoff’s brutal yet incisive
manner of legal argument.
A political partisan, Chertoff became special counsel to the Whitewater
Commission established in 1994 by the Republican-led Congress to investigate the
involvement of Bill and Hillary Clinton in real estate deals in Arkansas and other
business deals. Now widely regarded as a political witch hunt spearheaded by Sen.
Alfonse D’Amato (R-NY) and Independent Counselor Kenneth Starr, the
Whitewater Commission spent $40 million on the investigation, which ultimately
failed to find that the Clintons had done anything illegal.
Chertoff is a longtime member and activist in the Federalist Society. This national
association of right-wing lawyers and judicial reform activists is dedicated to
realigning the country’s legal system to reflect a more conservative interpretation
of the Constitution.
The Federalist Society, which since its founding in 1982 has been closely linked to
the neoconservative political camp, aims to rid the system of liberal judges and
stamp out what it sees are its overly egalitarian and secular impulses. Many
association members believe that the Constitution and the country’s laws
should primarily serve to ensure order and social orthodoxy rather than
democracy and human rights.
As U.S. Attorney General in New Jersey, appointed by President George H.W.
Bush in 1990, Chertoff gained a reputation as a political attack dog for the
Republican Party. Leveraging his strong political base in New Jersey, Chertoff
served as financial vice chair for Bush’s 2000 campaign in the Garden State. (2)
Chertoff was Bush’s second nominee to head Homeland Security, following the
failed nomination of former New York City Police Chief Bernie Kerik, who
admitted that he neglected to pay taxes for the “illegal immigrant” nanny he
Chertoff himself has a less-than-stellar record on immigration issues. During his
short stint as federal appeals court judge in the Third Court District, Chertoff
demonstrated a generally dismissive attitude toward asylum claims—ruling against
immigrants in 14 of 18 immigration cases. In one case, he denied asylum to a
Bangladeshi man who was imprisoned, severely beaten in jail, and forced to
denounce his dissident political party. Despite his requiring 19 days of medical
care after his release, Chertoff denied asylum on the grounds that the treatment
didn’t constitute torture. Chertoff also overruled a lower-court immigration
judge’s decision to question the credibility of the asylum petition of a Chinese man
who was seeking refuge because his wife was involuntarily sterilized.
As the architect of the post-September 11th initiatives on the domestic war on
terror, Chertoff supervised the round-up of 750 Arabs and other Muslims on
suspicion of immigration violations. Treated as suspected terrorist sympathizers
or material witnesses, the “suspects” were held without bondfor as long as
three months, often in solitary confinement, despite having never been
charged with any crime. Eventually, most were released or deported after secret
In a 2003 report, the Justice Department’s inspector general criticized these
draconian measures as “indiscriminate and haphazard.” The report also concluded
that Chertoff and other top government officials had instituted a “hold until clear”
policy for immigrant detainees, even though immigration officials questioned the
policy’s legality. In his book After, author Steven Brill describes howChertoff
obstructed the access by the post-9/11 detainees to lawyers, reasoning that
they “could be questioned without lawyers present because they were not being
charged with any crime.”
Not one of the almost exclusively Muslim “detainees” was indicted for terrorism-related crimes. Chertoff, who also coordinated the aggressive questioning of more
than 5,000 Arab Americans immediately after the 9/11 attacks, remains
unapologetic andcontinues to argue that the “war on terrorism” justifies the
government’s right to hold suspects indefinitely without counsel as possible
A look at Chertoff’s strong, aggressive record and statements on homeland
security shows that Chertoff supports the kind of hard-headed, threat profiling
measures and immigration enforcement opposed by the anti-profiling zealots,”
wrote Michelle Malkin, author of Invasion: How America Welcomes Terrorists,
Criminals, and Other Foreign Menaces to Our Shores and In Defense of
Writing in the Weekly Standard in December 2003, Chertoff defended himself
and the Justice Department against charges that the Bush administration had gone
beyond the historical precedents in its determination of what is permissible under
the U.S. Constitution. According to Chertoff, President Bush has “avoided the
kind of harsh measures common in previous wars.”…
Concerning the detention of “enemy combatants,” Chertoff argued that the Bush
administration followed “customary and well-accepted practice of incapacitating
enemy soldiers overseas.” Regarding such matters as deciding “how long
combatants can be held when we are fighting a war of extended or indefinite
duration,” Chertoff said we must “think outside the box but not outside the
What about the role of the U.S. military or the CIA in home-front operations?
Chertoff, writing as an appeals court judge, said: “Basic policy questions like this
cannot be simply left to the judiciary.”
Chertoff believes that it is time for “the most creative legal thinking” about the
role of the U.S. justice system in “fighting a war of extended duration.”
According to Chertoff, “We are at a transition point in the evolution of legal
doctrine to govern the armed conflict of terror.”
$ $ $
October 27, 2005
Maui man is charged with
selling B-2 bomber secrets
The FBI accuses the ex-Northrop engineer of
peddling stealth technology overseas
By Mary Vorsino, Honolulu Star-Bulletin
A 61-year-old Maui man who helped design the B-2 stealth bomber has been
arrested for selling military secrets to foreign governments, the FBI said
Noshir S. Gowadia, an engineer who worked for Northrop Corp. from November
1968 to April 1986, is being charged under federal espionage statutes for allegedly
disclosing top-secret information relating to stealth technology to representatives
of at least three countries.
The FBI would not reveal which countries got the information or how recently
Gowadia was allegedly funneling them military secrets. Northrop officials could not
be reached for comment last night.
Gowadia has been living in Maui for six years, a family member in Makawao said
last night. She would not comment on the allegations against Gowadia, who made his
first appearance in federal court in Honolulu yesterday afternoon….
Gowadia is in federal custody, charged with willfully communicating national
defense information to a person not entitled to receive it. According to
prosecutors, he faces up to 10 years in prison if convicted.
In a news release issued last night, FBI officials said that “Gowadia, over the last
several years, has marketed himself to foreign military entities and other foreign
It also said the military secrets relating to the B-2 that Gowadia allegedly
disclosed were aimed at assisting foreign countries “in obtaining a higher level of
Gowadia was allegedly paid for the secrets, the FBI said….
This is the first case of its kind in the islands, U.S. Attorney Ed Kubo said last
night. He declined to talk about the investigation….
It is being investigated by the FBI, U.S. Air Force, U.S. Department of
Homeland Security and U.S. Immigrations and Customs Enforcement….
For the latest REAL news, The Catbird recommends
Eric Shine’s radio program on:
The Republic Broadcasting Network
March 29, 2005
Pentagon Strips Air Force of
21 Major Weapons Programs
Las Vegas Review-Journal
WASHINGTON (AP) – In a highly unusual move, the Pentagon’s top weapons buyer
on Monday took away the Air Force’s authority to oversee 21 major programs with
a combine value of $200 billion.
The move, called temporary, was made because of a civilian leadership vacuum at
the Air Force after the departure last week of Peter Teets, who was under
secretary of the Air Force as well as acting secretary. Teets had been fillin in
since James Roche resigned as secretary in January.
It also comes amid continuing controversy over the Air Force’s handling of a
multibillion-dollar Boeing aircraft lease deal that fell through last year and led to
the conviction of former Air Force executive Darleen Druyun on charges of
conspiring to violate conflict-of-interest rules.
Druyun admitted in court that she favored Boeing on deals worth billion of dollarsbecause the company gave jobs to her daughter and son-in-law. Her admission
led to a detailed Pentagon review of her nearly 10-year tenure as a key weapons
buyer for the Air Force and prompted rival defense companies to file protests
over Boeing contracts awarded during that period.
The episode has taken a tool on the Air Force. Since Roche departed, the White
House has not nominated anyone to replace him as the Air Force secretary, a post
that requires Senate confirmation. Some believe the current Navy secretary,
Gordon England, will get the nomination.
In addition, no one has been nominated to replace Teets as the under secretary.
What’s more, the post of Air Force acquisition chief has been vacant since Marvin
Sambur left in January.
With Teets gone, the most senior civilian in the Air Force is Michael I.
Dominquez, who has served since August 2001 as assistant secretary of the Air
Force for manpower and reserve affairs….
In Monday’s announcement, the Pentagon said it was giving the decision-making
authority for the 21 major Air Force weapons programs to Michael Wynne, the No.
2 Pentagon civilian in charge of weapons procurement.
The No. 1 slot has not had a Senate-confirmed holder since May 2003. Wynne was
nominate for the top spot but his nomination – and others in the Air Force – have
been blocked by Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz, as part of a long-running dispute over
the Boeing lease deal….
The 21 programs include a $59.2 billionBoeing contract for C-17A Globemaster II
advanced cargo aircraft, and a $31.7 billionBoeing and Lockheed Martin contract
for the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle….
Among other programs affected are air-to-air missiles, B-2 bomber radar
modernization, C-5 cargo plane improvements, propulsion replacement for the
Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile and a $18 billion communications
$ $ $
January 1, 2005
Top U.S. contractors had
run-ins with government
Records show past problems of companies
working with Homeland Security office
By Matt Kelley, The Associated Press
WASHINGTON – The largest Homeland Security Department contractors include
two companies that paid millions to settle charges they defrauded the Pentagon,
one firm that paid a foreign corruption fine and a business accused of botching a
computer system for veterans hospitals, records show.
About a quarter of the $2.5 billion awarded to the 50 largest Homeland Security
contractors came under no-bid contracts, agency records show. That’s lower,
however, than the 44 percent of Pentagon contracts given under “other than full
and open competition.”…
Some of the nation’s largest federal contractors have won the new business of
protecting America from terrorists, including many with a recent history of legal
run-ins with the government, the records show.
The two companies with the most business, nearly $700 million between them,
were Boeing Co. and Integrated Coast Guard Systems, a partnership of defense
giants Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman.
Those companies have paid more than $250 million in the past three years to
settle charges of improprieties with their Pentagon contracts. Homeland Security
audits also have accused the two companies of overcharging, in Boeing’s case by
Homeland Security officials gave Congress a list of the top contractors through
July and their competition status amid criticism of the agency’s management and
oversight of its money. The criticism has ranged from overcharges to exorbitant
employee awards that came at taxpayers expense.
The department was created by pulling together 22 federal agencies with 180,000
employees and dramatically increased funding, up to $33 billion for the fiscal year
that began Oct. 1….
Analyst James Carafano of the conservative Heritage Foundation said some
agencies within the department, such as the Coast Guard, have more serious
contract oversight problems than others….
While the list of big contractors is dominated by well-known, large companies,
there are a few lesser-known players who won large contracts.
For instance, Chenega Technology Services Corp., an Alaska Native corporation,
got a $500 million no-bid contract to maintain and repair screening equipment at
ports and border crossings under a legislative provision written by Alaska
Republican Sen. Ted Stevens, chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee.
Homeland Security’s biggest contractor this year, Integrated Coast Guard
Systems, is upgrading and expanding the Coast Guard’s fleet of ships, boats,
airplanes and helicopters.
Clark Kent Ervin, the department’s inspector general, said in a report that hiring
IGCS to install new engines in HH-65 helicopters would take longer and cost more
than if the Coast Guard did the work itself.
The original IGCS proposal for the project was a month late and included “$123
million worth of goods and services that the Coast Guard did not ask for and
could not afford,” Ervin’s report said.
The Coast Guard defended the contract, telling Ervin it believes the program is
properly managed. IGCS spokeswoman Margaret Mitchell-Jones said the company
Another report from Ervin said Boeing, Homeland Security’s second-largest
contractor last year, overcharged the department $49 million on a massive
contract to install and maintain bomb detection and other screening equipment at
Homeland Security’s critics also questioned a $229 million contract to technology
giant BearingPoint. The Department of Veterans Affairs abandoned a BearingPoint
computer system for a Florida hospital last fall because it failed a nine-month
testing process. The Justice Department and VA are investigating….
Tough-talking publicity-hound vowing to bring law and order to Iraq – then
hightailing it out of there after a disastrous 14 weeks, leaving the place far less
safe than he found it.
Oh, the bullet points on Bernie Kerik’s real-life resume just go on and on. But is
this really the guy we want standing between us and the terrorists?
George W. Bush apparently thinks so.
White House sources were saying last night that Kerik, the scandal-scarred
former commissioner of the New York Correction and Police departments, will
be named today to take Tom Ridge’s job as head of homeland security.
For now, let’s give the Bush folks the benefit of the doubt: Maybe they’ve been
wowed by Kerik’s shameless swing-state Kerry-bashing in Bush’s behalf. (“I fear
another attack, and I fear that attack with … Senator Kerry being in office
responding to it.”)
Maybe they’ve been bullied by Giuliani’s bulldog lobbying for a loyal business buddy
and after-hours pal. (“OK, Karl,” you can almost hear Rudy say, “I won’t be
attorney general, but you gotta take Bernie at homeland security!”)
Or maybe it’s just that the FBI background check isn’t back from the field.
Whatever the reason, the White House personnel office really ought to ask some
probing questions around New York. You can bet they’ll get an earful of heads-up
about this hard-charging, thick-necked, shaved-head lightweight.
Let this be a warning from someone who’s followed the man’s ladder-climbing
career: He’s a personal and professional time bomb the Bushies will learn to
regret. Don’t say I didn’t warn you, guys!
That’s certainly the message that smart law-enforcement professionals in New
York were exchanging yesterday, as they shook their heads in disbelief at Kerik’s
latest career goal.
“He couldn’t run the Rikers commissary without getting greedy and making a mess,
in a jam,” one correction veteran said. “Now he’s gonna be in charge of the
Department of Homeland Security? Let’s just hope the terrorists don’t decide
to come back.”
This former subordinate was referring to just one of many petty scandals that
have hung over Kerik’s career. When he ran Correction, nearly $1 million of
tobacco-company rebates were diverted into an obscure foundation Kerik was
president of. This was for cigarettes bought with taxpayer money and then sold at
inflated prices to jail inmates. But this rebate money – would kickbacks be a
better word? – got spent entirely outside the normal rules for public funds.
No one was criminally charged. But a whole rash of IRS rules were seemingly
violated. One board member quit in protest when the foundation treasurer refused
to provide him with financial reports. And no one has ever explained where all the
It was a typical Kerik deal. He behaved from start to finish like normal rules
didn’t apply to him.
It isn’t possible in so little space to give an adequate tour of the man’s rise from
Jersey high-school dropout to prospective anti-terror boss.
As a public service, however, let me suggest a few ripe areas of personal inquiry
that someone in Washington might like to pursue.
Along the way, don’t lose sight of this: The homeland security chief stands
between Osama bin Laden and our good-night sleep.
Why did he pull out of Iraq so suddenly? Does he think he did a pretty good job
teaching the Baghdad police how to keep order and how to behave in “a free and
democratic society,” to use his words at the time?
Was Sept. 11th Commission member John Lehman on to something when he called
Kerik’s leadership after the terror attack “scandalous” and “not worthy of the
What exactly does he do at Giuliani Partners? How’s that anti-crime campaign in
Mexico City going? What companies and foreign governments are on his client list?
Why did Kerik send a New York City homicide detective to rouse TV hair and
makeup artists in the middle of the night when his book publisher (and workout-partner) lost her cell phone?
What new job does he have in mind for John Picciano, his perennial chief of staff?
Could Picciano really pass a federal background check? What about the complaint
(later dropped) that he’d beaten up his correction-officer girlfriend and waved
his gun around?
There are answers for all of it, I am sure. Answers to these few questions and
many racier ones.
Over the weeks to come, Kerik will have a chance to answer all of them.
I, for one, am waiting.
So are a lot of people who’ve gotten to know the man in New York.
Death in Federal Jail Raises
Questions of Cover-up
Relatives of a Taiwanese national dispute the official
determination that he killed himself
By Rob Perez, Honolulu Star-Bulletin
A Taiwanese national found hanging from a bunk in a Honolulu jail cell last year was
being investigated for suspicion of spying, several relatives say.
The government classified the death of Chen Chi Huang, 58, a suicide.
But his relatives dispute that. They believe the spying charge was bogus and blame
the U.S. government for his death, saying Huang never should have been jailed in
the first place.
“I don’t believe the government is partly responsible,” said Oahu resident Aurex
Huang, 32, a nephew of Huang. “I think it’s their fault completely.”
The story behind Huang’s death is filled with so many inconsistences and questions
that some doubt a clear picture will ever emerge publicly, continuing a mystery
that has triggered talk of espionage, international intrigue, government cover-ups –
The biggest question among Huang’s relatives and others is why a successful
Taiwanese businessman who came to Hawaii to see his high-school son graduate
with top honors would allegedly hang himself at the Federal Detention Center, a
month before the graduation.
Huang was taken directly to the prison from Honolulu Airport after arriving on a
China Airlines flight from Taiwan on April 12, 2003. Eight days later, an inmate
discovered Huang hanging by a bedsheet attached to the top bunk in his cell,
according to the autopsy report.
He was rushed to the hospital in a coma and died four days later, never having
The federal government has said little about the case since the Star-Bulletin first
reported on it in February. At that time, immigration officials wouldn’t even
disclose the specifics of why Huang was arrested. All they said was that he was
detained for allegedly violating immigration law.
A federal Bureau of Prisons spokeswoman confirmed last week that her agency and
the FBI still were investigating the case, but she couldn’t provide any details,
including what was being investigated. The FBI wouldn’t acknowledge the existence
of an investigation.
Huang traveled frequently to Honolulu because his wife, who is a U.S. citizen, and
their three sons live here. The family owns a Salt Lake condo that the couple
purchased in 1988. They also owned two Oahu TCBY yogurt shops, both of which
Huang purchased with cash, his relatives said.
Government documents the Star-Bulletin recently obtained show that Huang was
jailed for trying to enter the country without an immigrant visa and a proper labor
certification — alleged infractions that, by themselves, shouldn’t have led to his
incarceration, several immigration attorneys told the newspaper. He had a tourist
visa when he arrived.
A U.S. immigration official said Huang’s detention was by the book and not unusual.
“They were following the guidance for holding a person pending appearance” before
any immigration judge, said Jim Kosciuk, acting assistant port director in Honolulu
for the U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
Although Huang had a tourist visa, he intended to work in Hawaii, but didn’t have
the proper certification, according to the U.S. Department of Homeland
Security documents, obtained by the Star-Bulletin through a Freedom of
Information Act request. The documents also said Huang intended to apply for
permanent U.S. residency but didn’t have the correct visa.
“To my knowledge, that’s not out of the ordinary” to detain someone for those
alleged infractions, Kosciuk said.
Huang usually traveled at least five or six times a year to Hawaii and, whith the
exception of one minor visa snafu in the early 1990s, never had any trouble
entering this country, his relatives said.
If the visa issue was Huang’s only problem when he arrived from Taiwan last year,
the worst penalty he faced was being sent back home – hardly something to commit
suicide over, his relatives say….
Aside from the immigration issues, the relatives’ belief that Huang was the target
of a national security investigation makes the case even more intriguing, though no
federal agency has publicly confirmed – or ruled out – an espionage connection….
Huang ran an import-export business that dealt mainly in tropical fish, and in
recent years he also started selling antiques, his relatives said. He did not have
ties to Taiwan’s military or government, they said….
Adding to the intrigue, the Hawaii relatives and Huang’s wife have stopped talking
since his funeral, even though she knows more about the case, the relatives said….
Huang’s wife, Nicole Huang, declined comment, noting that attorneys advised
her not to fight the federal government, especially the FBI. She also said
she wanted to protect her children. “The FBI put a lot of pressure on me and
my kids,” she said, without elaborating.
Alan Ma, who represented Huang during his detention, also declined comment.
Ma said he no longer represents the family.
The fact that federal authorities are still investigating this case nearly 20 months
after Huang died, and after his death was ruled a suicide, fuels speculation about
The city Medical Examiner’s Office in May 2003 said Huang died from asphyxia
due to a suicide hanging. It said a suicide note was found in his cell.
A year later, the prison bureau said it could not respond to the newspaper’s
Freedom of Information request for the suicide note and other documents
because they were part of an ongoing investigation.
An FBI spokesman had said in February that his agency conducted an inquiry and
ruled out foul play.
Yet the fact that the FBI still is looking into the case only adds to the mystery.
The main mystery: What is being investigated?…
Many other oddities are linked to the case, adding to the suspicions that Huang’s
relatives have about what actually happened – and whether a suicide really
occurred. Though they have no evidence, the relatives said they believe Huang was
murdered and question whether the government is involved in a cover-up.
“There was no way he would have killed himself,” Aurex Huang said.
Yueng Huang, who as the oldest of eight children raised Chen Chi Huang, the
youngest, said the suicide note found in her brother’s cell didn’t appear to be in his
handwriting. She said she briefly saw a copy Huang’s wife had, and the parts she
saw mentioned leaving money to his wife and that he loved his sons.
The relatives also said the wife was told by a woman physician at Kapiolani Medical
Center at Pali Momi, when Huang was taken from the prison, that his case didn’t
seem to be a suicide. They didn’t know the physician’s name.
The way the Huang case was handled at the government-to-government level raises
The Taiwan government office in Honolulu said it usually is notified immediately
whenever an arriving Taiwanese national is taken into custody at the airport. But
the office said it wasn’t contacted in the Huang case until after he hanged himself,
prompting the top Taiwan official locally to write a letter to the U.S. government
questioning whether Huang was treated properly during his incarceration.
Huang’s relatives also are puzzled by a statement in the Homeland Security
documents that indicated Huang only had $100 when he was detained. He always
carried a lot of cash, especially when traveling, because he hardly used credit
cards, the relatives said.
They said when Huang came to Hawaii, he usually would bring thousands of dollars
but never more than $10,000, the level triggering cash-reporting requirements for
travelers entering the United States….
They also said Huang’s behavior and the topics he discussed in the days, weeks and
months before his death indicated he was looking forward to the future –
something not consistent with someone considering suicide.
Huang talked about shutting his Taiwan business and moving to Hawaii so he could
spend more time with his family, according to Yueng Huang.
He was especially proud of his middle son, who graduated a month afte Huang’s
death as co-valedictorian at Moanaloua High School. “My uncle always bragged
about his middle son and how well he was doing,” Aurex Huang said.
The last time his lawyer saw Huang alive, Huang was in good spirits, his sister said,
and he talked about what he wanted to do when released from jail – dye his white
hair and enjoy time with his sons.
Not long after that prison visit, the attorney was notified that Huang was found
hanging in his cell.
The news came just a day before Huang was scheduled to appear before an
immigration judge. One of the topics to be covered, a relative said, was a bond for
The questions surrounding Huang’s death continue to haunt his relatives, and
they’re hoping to get answers.
“I don’t know why he passed on,” Yueng Huang said. “I used to cry every day
thinking about it. I still don’t know what happened.”
< < < FLASHBACK < < <
December 1, 2002
Tom Ridge takes on
his biggest battle
By Vicki Kemper and Richard T. Cooper, Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON – Of all the occupations that fill out Tom Ridge’s resume –
prosecutor, congressman and governor of Pennsylvania among them – perhaps none
more qualifies him to become America’s first secretary of Homeland that this:
Ever since President Bush proposed creating the department, an amalgam of 22
agencies and their 170,000 employees, old political hands have warned of a clash of
bureaucratic cultures and intergovernmental turf wars.
But Monday, when Bush signed the bill creating theDepartment of Homeland
Security, the strapping 6-foot-3 Ridge was right there with him as his choice for
Ridge, 57, brings more to the job – regularly described as requiring an encyclopedic
mind and a biblical personality – than his Bronze Star, which he earned for valor in
combat in the Vietnam War. He also has 13 months of experience as the first
director of the White House Office of Homeland Security.
Not that this always was considered an asset. In his first months in the ill-defined
– some said toothless – position, Ridge collected more bruises than medals.
Now, however, the same administration officials who long were rumored to have
been considering practically everyone but Ridge say he is battle-tested and fully
qualified for the post, which requires Senate confirmation.
Ridge has lived through a lot since he was sworn in as Bush’s homeland security
adviser on Oct. 8 of last year – a day after the United States began bombing
Afghanistan and three days after the first of what would be five anthrax-related
But many question how much safer the country is now, and whether
the new department – which includes neither the FBI nor the CIA –
can succeed in overcoming the intelligence failures that preceded
the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks….
Above all, the new secretary of Homeland Security must demonstrate that the
president is behind him.
That will be crucial in dealing with congressional challenges, said Sen. Pat Roberts,
R-Kan. To persuade committee chairmen and others to yield turf, the secretary
must present this as “an overriding national-security mandate which has the
support of the president.”
Ridge appears to have no problem there.
His friendship with the Bush family dates to his political service to
~ ~ ~
THE NEW DEPARTMENT
AT A GLANCE
~ ~ ~
Elements of legislation to create a 170,000-employee
Homeland Security Department:
Major agencies transferred to
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
Transportation Security Administration
Border inspection part of Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Immigration and Naturalization Service
In a concession to Democrats who felt labor rules were being usurped, the agency
is required to negotiate workplace changes with the employees’ union. Absent
agreement, the department can make whatever changes it wants.
The president can waive union rights for national security, but only after he
notifies Congress and waits 10 days.
The bill also:
Allows commercial airline pilots to carry guns in cockpits.
Allows a one-year delay in the Dec. 31 deadline for airports to
install explosive detection systems to screen all checked baggage.
Bars the homeland security agency from doing business with
American companies that move offshore to avoid U.S. taxes. The
head of the agency can waive that rule for national or economic
security reasons or if the prohibition results in American job losses
or additional costs to the government.
Transfers the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearmsfrom the
Treasury Department to the Justice Department to better perform its
law-enforcement responsibilities… ATF’s revenue-collection functions will remain
Expands federal planning for domestic preparedness and recovery from terror
attacks to include not just Washington, D.C., but adjacent suburbs as well.
Includes provisions that Democrats described as favors to special
interests allied to the Republicans. Among them were new liability
protections for pharmaceutical companies that make a mercury-based vaccine preservative and companies that provide airport
screening services and other companies making anti-terrorism
technology. Another university-based homeland security research
center describes in such a way that it could exist only at Texas
Includes language that couldmake it more difficult to obtain
information under theFreedom of Information Act and makes it a
crime for an agency employee to reveal information that is supposed to
No. 2 man has a long history
in corporate world, Washington
WASHINGTON – In announcing his choice of Gordon R. England to be No. 2 at
the new Department of Homeland Security, President Bush picked a man with one
leg in the corporate world and the other in national-security affairs.
England, 65, has served since May 2001 as Secretary of the Navy. From
1997 to 2001 he was executive vice president of General Dynamics, a military-equipment conglomerate. . . .
England also has served as a member of the Defense Science Board, a panel
that advises the secretary of defense on a number of issues, especially technology.
. . .
In the corporate world, he was responsible for General Dynamics’ information
systems and international business. His official Navy biography also lists
corporate positions as executive vice president of the Combat Systems Group,
president of General Dynamics Land Systems and president of General
Dynamics Fort Worth aircraft company. . . .
Working with Adm. Vern Clark, the chief of naval operations, and
Gen. James Jones, commandant of the Marine Corps, England was
able to lobby for the programs of the Navy and Marines with
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and the rest of the executive
branch and on Capitol Hill, officials said.
“It was a persuasive team in making the case for their programs, making their
arguments fit the priorities that Rumsfeld had set, and also to meet the priorities
of Congress,” said one senior military official.
England’s nomination must be confirmed by the Senate.
Who’s Who in the Bush Administration –
Gordon England, Secretary of the Navy
Gordon England, who has received Senate confirmation as the 72nd Secretary
of the Navy, continues the Bush administration’s trend of corporate appointees.
The Department of Defense leadership is now stacked with private businessmen
experienced in industries such as energy, oil, and electronics.
England comes to the Pentagon after a long career with General Dynamics, most
recently as an executive vice president.
A major defense contractor, General Dynamics focuses on producing
information systems, shipbuilding and marine systems, and land and amphibious
combat systems for the United States and its allies. Its military contracts include
nuclear-powered submarines for the Navy and tanks for the Army. . . .
Before joining General Dynamics in 1966, England was an engineer with
Honeywell, working on the Gemini Space Program, a transitional step between the
pioneering Mercury and the Apollo Programs. He also served as program manager
for Litton Industries on the Navy’s E-2C Hawkeye aircraft.
With no actual military service experience, England will have to rely on
his corporate engineering background. After graduating from the University of
Maryland in 1961 with a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering, England earned
a master’s degree in business administration from the M. J. Neeley School of
Business at Texas Christian University in 1975. . . .
USCFL – Who’s Who in the Bush Administration – The Cabinet
As China Threat Grows,
U.S. Navy Faces Sub Shortage
By Charles R. Smith
Faced with its greatest threat since the end of the Cold War, the United States is
short of submarines and cannot build subs for Taiwan. To make matters worse,
U.S. Navy contractor General Dynamics announced this week a merger with
rival submarine makerNewport News Shipbuilding.
The move makes General Dynamics the only sub builder in the
U.S., giving it a monopoly on U.S. Navy contracts….
“The General Dynamics merger with Newport News underscores the need for
America to re-energize our shipbuilding industry,” stated Al Santoli, national
security adviser to Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, R-Calif.
“A single contractor bidding on all U.S. Navy submarine
contracts does not sound like good news for the Navy,
American national security or the U.S. taxpayer. Our Navy is
already at the forefront of our greatest security challenge of
the 21st century. We are already spread way too thin.”
The primary business of General Dynamicsis supplying weapons systems and
services to the US government and its international allies. The company, which
once was the largest defense contractor with $10.2 billion in revenue in 1990,
underwent a massive downsizing between 1992 and 1994 in the face of declining
General Dynamics reversed course in 1995, making niche acquisitions and expanding
it’s focus on weapons system integration.
GD has dominant market positions in areas of the defense budget where there is
little competition, such as land combat systems, and has emerged as the dominant
shipbuilder for the US Navy….
February 1992: Sold Cessna Aircraft Co. toTextron Inc. for $600
August 1992: Sold its missile systems business toHughes Aircraft Co. in
exchange for stock inGeneral Motors Corp.(the parent of Hughes) that was
later sold for $387 million. Later, received an additional $9 million from
Hughes as part of the deal.
November 1992: Sold a military electronics business to the Carlyle Group for
a $9 million gain.
March 1993: Sold its jet-fighter business to Lockheed Corp.for $1.5
billionin cash. (Lockheed merged with Martin Marietta Corp. in 1995.)
May 1994: Sold its rocket business to Martin Mariettafor $209 million.
March 1996: BoughtTeledyne Vehicle Systems for $55 million.
January 1997: Bought two defense units that specialize in turrets, transmissions
and ammunition from Lockheed Martin for $450 million.
October 1997: Bought Advanced Technology Systems, formerly owned by
Lucent Technologiesand, before that, AT&T Corp., for $267 million.
December 1997: Purchased Computing Devices International for$500
November 1998: Acquired NASSCO Holdings, a San Diego shipyard, for $415
million in cash and assumed debt.
April 2001: Proposed purchase of Newport News Shipbuilding, for$2.6
billion. The combined company would account for about 70% of the Navy
shipbuilding budget, employ about 80% of America’s military ship designers and
engineers, and give General Dynamics control over the manufacture and
maintenance of all nuclear- powered military ships. An attempt in 1999 to buy
Newport News for $1.4 billion failed due to opposition from Newport News and
the Navy. With the addition of Newport News, General Dynamics will have four
military shipyards, while Northrop-Grumman owns the other two.
In the past week, Taiwan has been rocked by the revelation that ex-presidentLee
Teng-hui operated a $100 million slush fund to buy influence
Part of this money was used to buy influence in the US through two people NOW
IN TOP POSITIONS IN THE BUSH ADMINISTRATION.
Carl Fordwas a lobbyist for Taiwan at Cassidy and Associates,
which was reportedly paid $1.5 millionfrom the slush fund to gain
influence with Bush, and reportedly gave $1-$1.75 million to Bush
and the Republicans in 1999 and 2000.
Ford’s reward was being appointed Assistant Secretary of Defense for
Intelligence and Research, where he engineered Bush’s sale of $4 billion in high-tech weapons to Taiwan last year. The sale included submarines built by General
Dynamics – ANOTHER client of Ford’s.
James Kelly ran the Scaife-funded Pacific Forum (connected to CSIS), which
received $100,000 from the slush fund. Kelly is now Assistant Secretary of State
for East Asia.
This scandal has received NO coverage in the US! …
TAIWANGATE! Bush’s latest scandal.
* * * * *
The Carlyle Group
by Victor Thorn
A few weeks ago, James Baker publicly offered advice to the Bush Administration on
how they should proceed with their war on Iraq. What he and every newscaster or
commentator failed to mention was that Baker is now employed by the highly-influential Carlyle Group, which is the eleventh largest defense contractor in the
In essence, then, we have a man trying to influence public policy while privately
employed by a company that has a vested interest in activating America’s War
If you’re not familiar with them, the Carlyle Group has become a powerhouse in
affecting the direction in which our foreign policy takes, especially in regard to war.
They accomplish this by hiring former government officials, then investing in private
companies that are subject to government change (i.e. the military and
telecommunications). Who, you may ask, do they employ to secure their government
Well, check-out this list for starters:
Frank Carlucci–– Department of Health, Education and Welfare – 1970’s
Deputy Director, CIA –– 1978-81
Deputy Secretary of Defense –– 1981-82
National Security Director –– 1987-89
George Bush– CIA Director –– 1976-77
Vice President of the United States –– 1981-89
President of the United States –– 1989-93
James Baker– Chief of Staff –– 1981-85
Secretary of the Treasury –– 1985-89
Secretary of State –– 1989-93
Dick Darman – Former White House Budget Chief
William Kennard – Former Head, FCC
Arthur Levitt– Former Head, SEC
John Major – Former Prime Minister, Britain
Fidel Ramos – Former Philippine President
Afsaneh Beschloss– Treasurer & Chief Investment Officer of the World Bank
Anand Panyarachum –– Former President, Thailand
Karl Otto Pohl – Former President, Bundesbank
Louis Vuitton – French Aerobus Company
Park Tae Joon– Former South Korean Prime Minister
Alwaleed Sin Talal bin Abdulaziz Alsaud –– Saudi Arabian Prince
George Soros – New World Order/Bilderberg luminary & int’l financier
Fred Malek – George Bush Sr’s campaign manager . . .
Carlyle also employs the former chairman of BMW and Nestle, is interviewing
former Clinton cabinet members (to insure that they have both sides of the aisle
covered), plus once hired Colin Powell andAOL Time-Warner ChairmanSteve
Caseto speak at a meeting at Washington D.C.’s Monarch House.
Plus, if we look at James Baker again, we’ll find that he’s on the board of
Azerbaijan International Oil Company, in which two U.S. oil companies hold
40% of the shares.
Who are these two companies? The first isAmoco, who has on their payroll none
other thanZbigniew Brzezinski(Trilateral Commission founder, National
Security Advisor for the Carter Administration, Globalist supreme,
and David Rockefeller’s puppet on a string).
The second is Pennzoil, who has on their payroll Brent Scowcroft, former
National Security Advisor under George Bush, Sr.
But the man that really brought it all together is Frank Carlucci, who
holds directorships on such companies asGeneral Dynamics,
Westinghouse, the Rand Corporation, and Ashland Oil, plus sits on
the board of directors of twelve other companies.
Carlucciwas also the college classmate of someone very closely related to our
current administration’s War Machine – Defense SecretaryDonald
What relevance does this association have you may wonder?
I think it is of great importance, for in February, 2001,Carlucci and Vice President
Dick Cheneymet with Donald Rumsfeld when the Carlyle Group had
several billion-dollar defense projects under consideration. (If you
haven’t guessed, the Carlyle Group fared quite well when all was said and done.)
Do you still think these ties don’t matter? Philip Agee, in his book “On the Run”
details all of Carlucci’sCIA connections, many of whom he hired (along with his
Pentagon cronies) when he joined Carlyle in 1989….
It’s all about power and access, folks,as Oliver Burkeman and Julian Burger
pointed out in “The Guardian” on October 31, 2001:
“Carlyle has become the thread which indirectly links American
military policy in Afghanistan to the personal financial fortunes of its
celebrity employees, not the least the current President’s father.”
Is the picture becoming clearer? Now we’re getting to the bottom ofAmerica’s
The Carlyle Groupis set to make huge amounts of money from our upcoming
military conflicts and weapons expenditures. In other words, when I talk about the
War Machine, these folks are at the crux of it. They’re the war profiteers that
keep its wheels greased!
Dan K. Thomasson, former editor of the Scripps Howard News Service, summed it up
best in March, 2001. “Nothing in recent history seems to approach the
success this group has had in the wholesale conversion of former high
government rank to gigantic profits.”
Peter Eisner, Managing Director of the Center for Public Integrity, adds, “It should
be a deep cause for concern that a closely held company like Carlyle
can simultaneously have directors and advisors that are doing business
and making money and also advising the President of the United
But who is the Carlyle Group?
Well, their office is located only a few blocks from the White House, and it was
founded by three men:
David Rubinstein –– aide in the Carter Administration
Bill Conway –– Chief Financial Officer at MCI
Dan D’Aniello –– financial executive at Marriott
They named their group “Carlyle” after a New York hotel favored by one
of their first investors, the Mellon family. They now have an ownership
stake in 164 different companies, have 535 investors, operate in 55
different countries, and have $13.5 billion in capital. International
financier George Soros invested $100 million in them, while the
California Public Employees Retirement System dumped $305 million
into their laps.
They also recently purchased the KorAm Bank, thus accelerating their entry into
the highly lucrative Asian markets. . . .
On May 5, 2001, the New York Times described the Carlyle Group as such:“It owns
so many companies that it is now in effect one of the nation’s biggest
defense contractors and a force in global communications. Its blue-chip investors include major banks and insurance companies, billion
dollar pension funds and wealthy investors.”
Hmm, they have a firm, controlling grip on both the War Machine and the media ……
convenient, don’t you think?
After reading how deeply established they are as “Insiders,” do you think that the
Carlyle Grouphas America’s best interests at heart, or their own which entails
capitalizing on war? An excellent example can be found in the recent $470 million
contract that“United Defense,”a Carlyle subsidiary, received.
And what did they get it for? To develop the CRUSADER, which is such a faulty,
antiquated, horrendous product that it was described by Eric Miller of “The Project
on Government Oversight” as follows. “The Crusader has been the GAO’s
(Government Accounting Office) poster child for bad weapons
The Crusader Project was so maligned that the government was set to drop it
completely. But lo and behold, what happened? War was on the horizon, Carlyle pulled
a few strings, and welluh –– a $470 millioncontract is thrown Carlyle’s way for the
Funny how things happen, huh?
If that’s not bad enough, the Carlyle Group is also the financial
advisor to a certain government.
In fact, they make nearly $50 million/year training the Saudi Arabian
National Guard — troops that are sworn to protect the Saudi royal
Now, if all hell breaks loose in the Middle East, and considering that
Saudi Arabiahas said that it won’t support our efforts against Iraq,
who do you think the Saudi soldiers will kill?
Their own kind –– Arabs –– or the invading “white American devils?”
If you ask me, we’ve entered very treacherous waters, all for the
sake of making money off of warfare. Regardless of what they say,
these men in the Carlyle Group epitomize a very nefarious form of
evil via their actions….
Move attributed to national emergency due to anti-terror campaign
WASHINGTON – Federal workers will get a smaller pay raise next
month because of President Bush is freezing part of the increase,
citing a national emergency because of the fight against terrorism.
The decision is yet another blow to the civilian federal work force, which has been the
target of sweeping changes in the government bureaucracy.
“The same week the president claimed victory on the creation of the
Homeland Security Department, he is sending the wrong message to the
employees who will work there,” Rep. Steny Hoyer, D-Md., said yesterday….
In a letter sent Friday to congressional leaders, Bush said he was using his
authority to change workers’ pay structure in times of “national
emergency or serious economic conditions”to limit raises to 3.1 percent….
“A national emergency has existed since Sept. 11, 2001,”Bushwrote.
“Such cost increases would threaten our efforts against terrorism or
force deep cuts in discretionary spending or federal employment to
stay within budget.”
Military personnel still will receive a 4.1 percent increase and aren’t affected.
Earlier this month, the administration announced it wants to let private
companies compete for up to half of the 1.8 million federal jobs.
Also, Bush won broad powers to hire, fire and move civil service-protected workers in 22 agencies being merged into the new Homeland
“It’s been a tough year for federal employees,” said Paul Light, senior fellow at the
Brookings Institution and an expert on the federal work force.
“I don’t think any one of them will be surprised. It’s one of several
lumps of coal in the stocking this year.”
# # #
DO YOU STILL HAVE NO TROUBLE GOING TO
SLEEP AT NIGHT?
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